GREAT AMBER - Concert Hall as a new landmark of Liepaja
Designed by Graz architect Volker Giencke, the Great Amber Concert Hall is due to be inaugurated on 7 November 2015 in Liepaja, Latvia, thus finalising the first – and most momentous phase – of this multistage project envisioning the construction of a cultural urban district.
GREAT AMBER is the name of the city’s new Concert Hall. With 1024 seats, it is the largest concert hall of the Baltic. The decision to build it was made back in 1896 (!), and in 2015, the concert hall finally became reality.
Volker Giencke & Company Architects from Graz, Austria, won the international competition towards the end of 2003. Already exhibited at the Biennale of Venice 2004, “Great Amber” is a monolithic, cone-shaped, slightly contorted structure with a transparent, amber-coloured facade. This facade envelops the irregular folded work of the concrete structure. According to legend, Liepaja is the city where the wind was born. That is why we designed the building to “lean against the wind”.
Amber is intriguingly transparent, especially when it encapsulates an insect – as if it were protecting and caring for a living thing. By comparison, the double-skin façade of the concert hall forms the envelope that provides a microclimate in which the different functions are included as spatial implants: the grand concert hall, the chamber music hall, the experimental stage, music club, and music school, etc. as well as the “Civita Nova” as a performance venue and stage for the people of Liepaja.
We also developed the acoustic concepts together with Prof. Karlheinz Müller /Müller BBM-Munich, and achieved excellent results, with acoustics based on the principal of an oval, terraced vineyard. Helmholtz-resonators and a very large, adjustable sound reflector support the acoustic project.
Light plays a key role of Great Amber too. Reaching high above the roof, 14 mirror-finished reflective tubes flood the concert hall with daylight, creating a unique atmosphere inside.
The concert hall can also be adapted for congresses, exhibitions and receptions by elevating the orchestra pit and the stalls.
As the budgetary problems were somewhat solved, fatefully the economic crises happened in 2008. The construction costs were halved. Only in 2013 was the start of construction. Both the height of the construction costs and the construction period of 2 years have not been exceeded.
Besides designing unique architecture and equipping the hall with one of the very best acoustics for classical concerts, it had always been our ambition to give Liepaja and its residents a fresh cultural identity with this new concert hall. With the completion of the concert hall as construction will be established Liepaja’s new cultural quarter, and thus its cultural identity as a unique historic event. Convincing in both architecture and content, this symbolic effect emphasises ”Great Amber’s” connection to the city. It is a new landmark of modern Liepaja.
Idea-Tops Nomination Award 2016 - China
American Architecture Prize 2016
European Concrete Award 2016, 2nd prize
Chicago Athenaeum - International Architecture Award 2016
Latvian Architecture Award 2016
Architizer A+ Award Winner 2016 - New York
Fotos: Indriķis Stūrmanis, Aigars Prūsis